Chapter

The Rural Question: Identity, Modernity, and Peasants in China's Industrial Development

Margherita Zanasi

in Saving the Nation

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2006 | ISBN: 9780226978734
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226978741 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226978741.003.0003
The Rural Question: Identity, Modernity, and Peasants in China's Industrial Development

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This chapter explores the productivist policies of the GMD and how they affected its rural policies. Rural recovery was crucial for Wang Jingwei's and Chen Gongbo's vision of modern nationhood with its very specific objectives (autarky and national unity). They recognized the significance and urgency of the rural crisis and placed its solution at the center of their reform plans. A successful solution to the rural crisis would be reached only by stimulating agriculture and focusing on technological innovation. Wang's and Chen's plan for rural recovery and their idea of the role of the village in the nation appear to contain one major contradiction. The autarkic China they were trying to build was to rely on the country's most cosmopolitan groups and on the areas that had based their modernization on contact with the outside world.

Keywords: rural policies; GMD; Wang Jingwei; Chen Gongbo; modern nationhood; autarky; national unity; rural crisis; agriculture; China

Chapter.  11201 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management

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