Chapter

Ecology-Based Mobilization and Movement Dynamics

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print April 2001 | ISBN: 9780226982601
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226982625 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0009
Ecology-Based Mobilization and Movement Dynamics

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A central question in social movement research has been that of the mechanisms of participant mobilization. Since the 1970s, social movement scholars have put great emphasis on the role of formal organizations and movement networks in movement mobilization. Currently, the idea that organizations and pre-existing networks are the basis of movement mobilization has become conventional wisdom. In Beijing, the ecology of university campuses facilitated student mobilization beyond its encouragement of movement organizations and student networks. This chapter examines the role of campus ecology in student mobilization during the 1989 Beijing Student Movement. It first discusses state-society relations and mobilization structures and then looks at universities in Beijing, focusing on their physical layout and typical student life on campus. It also considers interuniversity competition for student activism in Beijing, along with the April 27 demonstration.

Keywords: 1989 Beijing Student Movement; campus ecology; Beijing; student activism; student life; demonstration; universities; student mobilization; state-society relations

Chapter.  10206 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociology

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