Chapter

The character of rural change

H. R. French and R. W. Hoyle

in The Character of English Rural Society

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9780719051081
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700716 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719051081.003.0001
The character of rural change

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This book aims to explore the general questions of land, landlordism and agrarian capitalism. Through a detailed examination of a single village in north Essex, Earls Colne, it asks how rural society operated and how land was used in the two formative centuries after 1550. Before turning to that study, this chapter reviews three influential but contrasting explanations of change over those centuries. One, Marxist in its inspiration, was re-formulated most recently by the American historian Robert Brenner. The second, very different interpretation, is Alan Macfarlane's hypothesis about English Individualism, which explicitly rejects the idea of ‘the Great Transformation’. The third view, espoused by English rural historians over the past century, charts the decline of the small owner-occupying farmer between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries.

Keywords: land; landlordism; agrarian capitalism; Earls Colne; rural society; Robert Brenner; Alan Macfarlane; English Individualism

Chapter.  22607 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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