Publishing reason: John Toland and print and scribal communities

Justin Champion

in Republican Learning

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780719057144
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700259 | DOI:
Publishing reason: John Toland and print and scribal communities

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  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)


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This chapter examines the role of John Toland in the print and scribal communities. Toland did more than simply read and write books: he was a key agent in disseminating ideas around the elite salons of early eighteenth-century Europe. His skill at manipulating both print and scribal works laid the foundation for his political ambitions: his literary transactions produced both cultural and political effects. The chapter describes how Toland manipulated and constructed diverse audiences for similar works, and discusses his attempts to communicate his ideas to powerful and politically effective communities.

Keywords: John Toland; print communities; scribal communities; political ambitions; literary transactions

Chapter.  11381 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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