<i>Sapere aude</i>: ‘commonwealth’ politics under George I, 1714–22

Justin Champion

in Republican Learning

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780719057144
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700259 | DOI:
Sapere aude: ‘commonwealth’ politics under George I, 1714–22

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This chapter discusses the activities of John Toland under George I. After the disastrous electoral defeats of 1710, Toland focused his energies on defending the succession and remaining vigilant against popish tyranny. In 1714 he published The reasons for naturalising the Jews, which advanced one of the most radical defences of social toleration in the eighteenth century. The chapter explains that Toland's defence of toleration was premised not upon the theological credibility of the Jewish religion but upon the nature of civil society. This ambition of establishing a tolerant and rational civic culture was taken even further in Toland's most successful political pamphlet, The State anatomy of Great Britain, and its supplement, The second part of the State anatomy.

Keywords: John Toland; George I; popish tyranny; naturalising the Jews; social toleration; civil society; civic culture; State anatomy

Chapter.  10854 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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