South East European settlements? Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia

Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

in The Kosovo Crisis and the Evolution of a Post-Cold War European Security

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9780719059797
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700631 | DOI:
South East European settlements? Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) has taken a prominent security role in international attempts to make work the political settlements in Bosnia, Kosovo and, to a lesser extent, Macedonia. Just as NATO's ‘humanitarian intervention’ over Kosovo highlighted the normative tension between the doctrine of non-intervention in sovereign states versus efforts to promote respect for human rights that transcend state boundaries, the subsequent efforts at peace-building have revealed other normative conundrums. For NATO and other international institutions, this has made South East Europe a normative labyrinth where democracy, ‘stateness’, identity and security are difficult to bring together. This chapter examines the international attempts at peace-building in the former Yugoslavia by focusing on the challenges to efforts to bring lasting stability posed by democratisation, ethnic nationalism and the promotion of security. It also discusses the Dayton agreement and its impact on human rights and multiculturalism in Bosnia, the Stability Pact, and nationalism's relationship to democratic norms.

Keywords: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation; peace-building; former Yugoslavia; Bosnia; Kosovo; Macedonia; democratisation; nationalism; security; South East Europe

Chapter.  9895 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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