The EU’s military dimension: a child of the Kosovo crisis?

Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

in The Kosovo Crisis and the Evolution of a Post-Cold War European Security

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9780719059797
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700631 | DOI:
The EU’s military dimension: a child of the Kosovo crisis?

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One of the most frequently cited ‘lessons’ of the Kosovo crisis has been the alleged extent to which it spurred West European leaders to address a perceived need for Europe to carry out more for its own military security. Member states of the European Union (EU) decided to establish a ‘European Security and Defence Policy’ (ESDP) in the months following Operation Allied Force. This chapter considers the long- and short-term origins of the ESDP and assesses the extent to which the Kosovo crisis was the key driver leading to the decisions by EU members formally to create it in 1999. The most basic of what may be called the ‘permissive facilitators’ for the development of the ESDP can be found in the nature of the EU itself. The idea encapsulated in the concept of ‘functional integration’ exercised significant influence on political leaders in continental EU countries. This chapter also focuses on the ESDP during and after the Cold War, the Western European Union, and the role of the UK and France in the adoption of the ESDP.

Keywords: Kosovo crisis; European Union; European Security and Defence Policy; military security; UK; France; Western European Union; Cold War; functional integration

Chapter.  9234 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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