Chapter

The evolution of the ‘Atlantic Community’

Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

in The Kosovo Crisis and the Evolution of a Post-Cold War European Security

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9780719059797
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700631 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719059797.003.0006
The evolution of the ‘Atlantic Community’

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Transatlantic relations have been a core issue in security in Europe—especially West Europe—since the end of World War II. This chapter examines the nature of the transatlantic relationship and its Cold War evolution. It then considers its development during the years since 1989. It argues that the crises in Bosnia and Kosovo have played a key role in helping to refine and reshape the nature and basis of the relationship during the period since the Cold War ended. The ‘transatlantic relationship’ was essentially a product of World War II. Prior to American involvement in that conflict—informally from 1940 and officially from December 1941—the United States had, with one exception, chosen to remain aloof from European security affairs. The onset of the Cold War had the effect of both extending and institutionalising the military-ideological relationship that had developed between the United States and the UK since 1941. This chapter also looks at the ‘Atlantic Community’, the Atlantic civic community, South East Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and challenges to the Atlantic Community.

Keywords: transatlantic relationship; Atlantic Community; civic community; South East Europe; North Atlantic Treaty Organisation; Cold War; United States; security; Bosnia; Kosovo

Chapter.  10744 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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