Chapter

Canada: ‘If they treat the Indians humanely, all will be well’

Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips and Shurlee Swain

in Equal Subjects, Unequal Rights

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print August 2003 | ISBN: 9780719060038
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700334 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719060038.003.0003
Canada: ‘If they treat the Indians humanely, all will be well’

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This chapter focuses on the early political developments in the British settler colonies in the region of North America, which later became Canada, from the late 1830s to around 1870. By 1840, there were four colonies in mainland British North America, clustered in the south-eastern corner of the vast Canadian land mass, the rest of which remained under the administration of the Hudson's Bay Company. Representative government had been introduced during the last quarter of the eighteenth century, beginning with the maritime colonies of Nova Scotia (1758), Prince Edward Island (1773) and New Brunswick (1785), and extending to Upper and Lower Canada, the constituent parts of the new province of Canada, in 1791. Discussions of the status of Indigenous peoples in the British North American colonies reflect competing and at times conflicting understandings among the four major stakeholders: the Colonial Office, with its locally based governors and Indian agents; the missionaries; the settlers; and the Indigenous peoples themselves.

Keywords: British colonies; settler colonies; Canada; representative government; Indigenous peoples; stakeholders; Colonial Office; Indian agents

Chapter.  9012 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Colonialism and Imperialism

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