Chapter

Nuclear safety

Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

in Implementing International Environmental Agreements in Russia

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780719063862
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700181 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719063862.003.0005
Nuclear safety

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The threats posed by the nuclear complex of Northwestern Russia have attracted attention in recent years. The issue of nuclear safety stands forth as the most highly profiled problem area among the three chosen to focus on in this study. In the area of nuclear safety, environmental and security concerns tend to be closely intertwined. In the area of nuclear safety, bureaucratic controversies have clearly hampered implementation. Moreover, foreign assistance has come to dominate the implementation of Russia's international nuclear safety commitments during the post-Soviet period. Some of the most serious problems encountered in implementation efforts can be ascribed to unresolved issues between Russia and the Western donor states, relating, for example, to indemnity against liability, access to nuclear sites, personnel immunity, and tax exemptions. So while there is some progress in the implementation of Russia's international nuclear safety commitments at the present moment, it is slow and it is fumbling.

Keywords: nuclear safety; Northwestern Russia; environmental concerns; security concerns; implementation; post-Soviet period; liability; nuclear sites; personal immunity; tax exemptions

Chapter.  14485 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environment

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