Modernizing the north: women, internal colonization and indigenous peoples

John M. MacKenzie

in Female Imperialism and National Identity

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print December 2002 | ISBN: 9780719063909
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700396 | DOI:
Modernizing the north: women, internal colonization and indigenous peoples

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The chapter highlights the influence of the USA and looks to the IODE's most recent projects in the Canadian north, covering the demise of the ‘racial hierarchy’ and the IODE's corresponding shift of focus away from immigrants to the canadianising of ‘new’ Canadians. It shows the IODE negotiating a position increasingly away from that of government, moving towards children and individuals as the focus of its ‘charity’. The IODE has shifted focus, a shift that began during the Cold War, to a group of citizens who, although living within Canadian territory, were previously considered ‘foreign’. This shift represented a change in Canada's identity from that of a dominion in the Empire, with an identity centered on Britain, to that of a nation situated in Canadian geographic space. The decreasing confidence in colonial attitudes was reflected in the drifting away of the IODE from involvement with the Canadian government towards the spaces of charity and home. This study draws out the irony manifest in the attempt to assimilate indigenous peoples into the national project, and make them the same as other Canadians, while clinging to the spatial and social difference of the north. As this chapter shows, through the IODE's work in the Canadian north, this colonisation took place within a national boundary.

Keywords: internal colonisation; indigenous peoples; Canadianising; Canadian geographic space; racial hierarchy; immigrants

Chapter.  7864 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Colonialism and Imperialism

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