Chapter

Tito’s Yugoslavia and after: Communism, post-Communism, and the war in Croatia

Macdonald David Bruce

in Balkan Holocausts?

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print February 2003 | ISBN: 9780719064661
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700198 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719064661.003.0008
Tito’s Yugoslavia and after: Communism, post-Communism, and the war in Croatia

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This chapter explores Communism, post-Communism, and the war in Croatia during Josip Broz Tito's regime and analyses Serbian and Croatian nationalist interpretations of the Yugoslav period, during its rise, its decline, and finally, its Fall. It also discusses how propagandists succeeded in making direct connections between past eras of persecution and the contemporary wars of the 1990s. The theme of the ‘universal culprit’ was advanced throughout the conflict. World War II was being reenacted in Serbia and Croatia, and all decisions would be calculated on an analysis of the past, not on a realistic assessment of contemporary events. The chapter first considers the Communist era during 1945–1990, Serbian views of Tito's Yugoslavia, the 1974 constitution and genocide, and Croatian nationalism in Yugoslavia. It then looks at linguistic repression in Yugoslavia, the rise of Serbian and Croatian nationalism, ‘Operation Storm’, the Catholic Church, Croatian views of the war in Croatia, Greater Serbia, and Serbian Nazis and collective psychosis.

Keywords: Communism; Serbia; Josip Broz Tito; Yugoslavia; Serbian Nazis; genocide; nationalism; Croatia; Operation Storm; Catholic Church

Chapter.  16788 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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