‘Unity is strength’: the International Arbitration and Peace Association<sup>1</sup>

Heloise Brown

in ‘The Truest Form of Patriotism’

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780719065309
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700457 | DOI:
‘Unity is strength’: the International Arbitration and Peace Association1

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This chapter explores how the International Arbitration and Peace Association (IAPA), founded in 1880, was the main secular peace organisation in Britain and the one which experienced the greatest conflict with the Peace Society. The absolutist Peace Society dominated the British peace movement throughout most of the nineteenth century. However, its absolutism was increasingly challenged from mid-century onwards, and it became apparent by the 1870s, as a result of republican nationalist campaigns in Europe, and in Britain the rise of working men's peace groups and the growth of the women's movement, that there was also some demand for a secular peace organisation. As an organisation, the IAPA drew together discourses of liberalism, socialism, Evangelicalism, feminism and internationalism, a blend that made it central to both the British and European peace movements. The chapter also outlines the IAPA's contribution to the late Victorian peace movement and the role of women in its work.

Keywords: IAPA; Peace Society; republican nationalist campaigns; Evangelicalism; Victorian peace movement; secular peace organisation; European peace movements

Chapter.  8197 words. 

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