Chapter

Restructuring local government

J. A. Chandler

in Explaining Local Government

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780719067068
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701355 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719067068.003.0005
Restructuring local government

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Few across Britain's political spectrum were satisfied with the evolution of the local government system following the 1832 Electoral Reform Act. While municipal government could lead the way to reform, the system could not evolve in rural areas because of the lack of any workable consensus in Parliament that could establish multi-purpose local government structures. The legislative compromises and resultant ad hoc developments were creating as complex a pattern of local government in rural areas and small towns as existed in the eighteenth century. During the last third of the nineteenth century, the political factors standing in the way of a consensus to remodel local government declined in their potency. The engine driving change was the growing consensus between Conservatives, Liberals and radicals. This chapter examines the restructuring of local government in Britain, focusing on the creation of county councils, the London County Council and the London boroughs, reconstruction of parishes and districts, education, and relations between local and central government and the new structures.

Keywords: Britain; local government; restructuring; county councils; London; boroughs; parishes; central government; districts; education

Chapter.  10547 words. 

Subjects: UK Politics

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