Chapter

Introduction

Shizuka Oshitani

in Global Warming Policy in Japan and Britain

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780719069383
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701546 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719069383.003.0001
Introduction

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This book explores how Japan and Britain responded in the face of the common policy imperative of tackling global warming. It considers two theoretical perspectives. One is the institutional approach, which emphasises the importance of national institutions in shaping politics and policy. The other is the issue-based approach, which emphasises the constraints inherent in an issue that fall on rational actors regardless of the institutions in which they are operating. Rather than examining which approach is right or better, the book combines the two in analysing Japanese and British policies on global warming and to explore the relationships between the two approaches, and hence the role of institutions in explaining politics and policy. It also explores four aspects of environmental policy: the speed of policy change; the content of policy, including the choice of policy instruments; the degree of integration of global warming concerns into the policy areas of energy and transport; and policy stringency. Moreover, it discusses the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, consensus corporatism and majoritarian pluralism, and styles of environmental policy-making in Japan and Britain.

Keywords: global warming; Japan; Britain; politics; institutions; energy; Framework Convention on Climate Change; corporatism; pluralism; environmental policy

Chapter.  3542 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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