Chapter

Co-optation and exclusion: controlled policy integration in Japan

Shizuka Oshitani

in Global Warming Policy in Japan and Britain

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780719069383
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701546 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719069383.003.0006
Co-optation and exclusion: controlled policy integration in Japan

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To the extent that the problem of global warming arises from existing socio-economic activities, tackling it will entail an institutional metamorphosis towards a more sustainable form of socio-economic system. This will require a realignment of broad policy goals, which itself may require changes in policy-making institutions. Such changes have been referred to as policy integration, which is the theme of this chapter. The integration of environmental concerns into general economic policy in Japan started around the time of the Earth Summit in 1992. This chapter looks at policy integration specifically in the areas of global warming and energy and transportation, focusing on whether and how global warming policy caused policy and institutional developments. It first provides a background on Japanese energy policy, energy efficiency policy, electricity prices and demand, and the promotion of ‘new energy’. It then explores Japan's nuclear energy policy, energy taxation and finance, coal and global warming, transport and global warming, fuel efficiency, concerted action for the promotion of low-emission vehicles, and policy co-optation and exclusion of environmental interests.

Keywords: Japan; global warming; policy integration; policy co-optation; low-emission vehicles; transportation; energy efficiency; energy taxation; nuclear energy; electricity

Chapter.  9672 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environment

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