Chapter

Policy developments in Britain on global warming: in search of political leadership

Shizuka Oshitani

in Global Warming Policy in Japan and Britain

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780719069383
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701546 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719069383.003.0007
Policy developments in Britain on global warming: in search of political leadership

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About 80 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions in Britain are in the form of carbon dioxide, of which about 97 per cent is energy-related. Overall carbon dioxide emissions fell steadily from 1970. After 1997, however, carbon dioxide emissions from the transport sector consistently exceeded those from the domestic sector and in 2002 they exceeded those from the industrial sector. British emissions of carbon dioxide have been largely determined by the use of coal and their long-term decline is basically explained by the rapid decline in the use of coal. This chapter examines the emergence of global warming on the British political agenda, carbon dioxide reduction targets, national strategy for reducing carbon dioxide emissions, value added tax on domestic fuel and power, increases in fuel duties, the Energy Saving Trust, the encouragement of voluntary action, regulations and labelling schemes, targets for combined heat and power and renewable energy, and the politics of a carbon/energy tax.

Keywords: Britain; global warming; carbon dioxide; carbon dioxide emissions; value added tax; fuel duties; Energy Saving Trust; combined heat and power; renewable energy; politics

Chapter.  9094 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environment

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