Interests, institutions and global warming

Shizuka Oshitani

in Global Warming Policy in Japan and Britain

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780719069383
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701546 | DOI:
Interests, institutions and global warming

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Since 1988, Japan and Britain have responded to the common threat of global warming. Both countries voluntarily established a policy to tackle the problem before the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Once it was established, they developed and implemented policies and measures to meet its requirements as well as the goals they set for themselves. The picture that emerges from the present detailed examination of climate policy in Japan and Britain is a mixture of policy similarities and differences. This chapter compares, contrasts, and analyses Japanese and British global warming policy, focusing on the speed of policy change, policy contents including instruments employed, the degree of policy integration, and policy stringency. It then considers two questions: What is the effect of corporatist institutions on a country's ability to tackle challenges to sustainable development? What are the interactions between the institutional and issue-based approaches? The chapter also discusses Britain's measures for reducing carbon dioxide emissions, the politics of carbon tax, consensus corporatism and majoritarian pluralism, and the institutional approach vs. the issue-based approach.

Keywords: Japan; Britain; global warming; climate policy; policy integration; policy stringency; politics; carbon tax; corporatism; pluralism

Chapter.  12025 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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