Ecclesiastical monarchy or monarchies?

Alison Forrestal

in Fathers, Pastors and Kings

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9780719069765
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700594 | DOI:
Ecclesiastical monarchy or monarchies?

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  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)


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This chapter examines the dispute among the bishops, the lower clergy and the papacy concerning episcopal authority in France during the seventeenth century. It suggests that the dispute represented three competing conceptions of the church, and crystallised opposing views of ecclesiastical government, discipline and hierarchy at local, national and international levels. The chapter also explores how collusion between Rome and the regulars pushed the bishops towards a fiercely protective doctrine of episcopal gallicanism that was finally cemented in the 1682 Gallican Articles.

Keywords: episcopal authority; lower clergy; papacy; France; Rome; gallicanism; 1682 Gallican Articles

Chapter.  17572 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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