Chapter

Party competition

Elisabeth Carter

in The Extreme Right in Western Europe

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780719070488
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719070488.003.0004
Party competition

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This chapter covers the influence of different patterns of party competition on the right-wing extremist party vote. The five main ways in which the political space of a system may be mapped include government expenditure flows, use of elite studies, reference to voter attitudes, internal analysis of party election programmes, and use of expert judgements. It is suggested that right-wing extremist parties are likely to be affected by the proximity of their mainstream right competitors. The examples of Austria, France and Italy imply that right-wing extremist parties may continue to experience success at the polls even if their mainstream right opponents undergo ideological radicalization. It is shown that convergence between the mainstream left and the mainstream right is correlated to higher electoral scores for the parties of the extreme right.

Keywords: party competition; extreme right; mainstream left; mainstream right; Austria; France; Italy; right-wing extremist party

Chapter.  20520 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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