Competition and the route to Australia, 1847–52

Freda Harcourt

in Flagships of Imperialism

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780719073939
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700761 | DOI:
Competition and the route to Australia, 1847–52

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This chapter focuses on P&O's strategy regarding Australia and the competition it faced from the Indian & Australia Mail Steam Packet Company (I&A) and the Eastern Steam Navigation Company. I&A was formed in 1847 and its purpose was to connect England with Australia by the Red Sea route. The promoters of the I&A aimed at keeping P&O out of Australian waters and lever P&O out of its European lines in conjunction with Austrian Lloyd (AL), to force P&O to give I&A access to India and China. The Eastern Steam Navigation Company was formed in 1850 and was backed up by merchants and bankers from India and China. It sought a second service on all P&O's lines, for a single service from Singapore to Australia and for a route between Trieste and Alexandria to serve the Continent. However it lost to P&O in the tenders for contracts in 1853 and P&O's Chusan became the first ocean-going steamship to connect Australia with Singapore for England on 3 August 1852.

Keywords: P&O; I&A; Eastern Steam Navigation Company; Austrian Lloyd's; Australia

Chapter.  13701 words. 

Subjects: Colonialism and Imperialism

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