Women and the Basque conflict in the new millennium

Carrie Hamilton

in Women and ETA

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9780719075452
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700754 | DOI:
Women and the Basque conflict in the new millennium

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This chapter examines the changes and continuities in women's roles in Euskadi ta Askatasuna (ETA) and radical nationalism over the past twenty-five years, as well as contemporary representations of female ‘terrorists’. It suggests that the lives and deaths of Bakartxu Arzelus and Dolores González Catarain or Yoyes illuminate the dilemmas of trying to define women's armed activism without recourse to the categories terrorist and victim. The chapter explains that although several women are currently serving lengthy sentences in Spanish and French prisons accused of armed actions causing multiple deaths, there is no empirical evidence that women in ETA on average commit more violent actions than men.

Keywords: women; ETA; radical nationalism; female terrorists; victims; Bakartxu Arzelus; Dolores González Catarain; violent actions

Chapter.  4998 words. 

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