State developments and Travellers’ responses, 1968–2000

Becky Taylor

in A Minority and the State

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780719075674
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700853 | DOI:
State developments and Travellers’ responses, 1968–2000

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This chapter evaluates the importance of legal definitions of ‘Gypsy’, and addresses the impact of the 1968 Caravan Sites Act and subsequent government policy, including the planning system. It then examines Travellers' responses to the impact of policy changes, the hardening attitudes in mainstream society and the expansion of the ‘multicultural’ state through considering new approaches to Travellers' schooling. The practical result of the 1968 definition of Gypsies was that individuals became stripped of their ethnic identity on becoming stationary. The immediate effects of the 1994 Criminal Justice and Public Order Act on official site provision were not felt, as some sites which were already under construction came on stream after 1994, although despite the manifest failings of the 1968 Act, the legislation did provide some Travellers with a degree of security. The three decades following the introduction of the 1968 Act saw a number of developments, both positive and negative.

Keywords: Gypsy; Caravan Sites Act; planning system; Travellers; schooling; Public Order Act

Chapter.  13278 words. 

Subjects: Sociology

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