Chapter

Introduction and historical overview: the establishment of environmental policy as a European policy domain

Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780719075803
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701461 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719075803.003.0001
Introduction and historical overview: the establishment of environmental policy as a European policy domain

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This chapter provides a historical overview of the establishment of environmental policy as a policy domain of the European Union (EU). The development in EU environmental policy can be traced in three distinct phases. The first phase was from 1972 to 1987, when European environmental measures were legally justified primarily by trade policy motives. The next stage was around 1987 to 1992, which was primarily characterised by the legal and institutional consolidation and further development of the common environmental policy. The final phase, since 1992, is characterised by two opposite trends: from an institutional and legal standpoint, the developments triggered by the Single European Act were gradually revised and updated, in particular in the Treaties of Maastricht and Amsterdam and through the creation of the European Environment Agency.

Keywords: environmental policy; European Union; trade policy measures; Single European Act; Treaty of Maastricht; Treaty of Amsterdam; European Environment Agency

Chapter.  9263 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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