The implementation of EU environmental policy in the UK, France, Germany and Spain

Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780719075803
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701461 | DOI:
The implementation of EU environmental policy in the UK, France, Germany and Spain

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This chapter examines the implementation effectiveness of the environmental policies of the European Union (EU) in Great Britain, France, Germany and Spain, introducing the selected policies and the institutional implications emerging from their implementation in these countries. It describes the extent to which the policies have been implemented effectively (or not) in the countries under investigation and explains the observed implementation patterns on the basis of theoretical considerations. The analysis reveals that improvements in the implementation effectiveness of EU environmental policy require a highly differentiated approach to policy making, which takes into account not only the institutional compatibility of European and domestic arrangements, but also the constellation of domestic actors and interests.

Keywords: implementation effectiveness; environmental policies; European Union; Great Britain; France; Germany; Spain; implementation patterns; policy making; institutional compatibility

Chapter.  5327 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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