Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780719075803
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701461 | DOI:

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This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the formulation and implementation of European Union (EU) environmental policies. The result reveals a steady broadening of the issues covered by EU environmental policy along with a continuous adjustment of the policy instruments used and the underlying regulatory approaches. The findings also indicate that implementation patterns, which include the regulatory competition between the member states and the problems of national adaptation to European requirements in the implementation phase, are linked to the multi-level character of the EU. The chapter also argues that environmental policy is closely linked to the regulation of the Internal Market and the integration process.

Keywords: environmental policies; European Union; policy instruments; regulatory approaches; regulatory competition; member states; Internal Market; integration process

Chapter.  3166 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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