Chapter

Radicals, evangelicals, the Scottish Enlightenment and Cape Colonial autocracy

John M. MacKenzie and Nigel R. Dalziel

in The Scots in South Africa

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780719076084
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781702741 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719076084.003.0003
Radicals, evangelicals, the Scottish Enlightenment and Cape Colonial autocracy

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By the middle of the nineteenth century, the Cape had acquired the full range of literary, philosophical, educational and scientific institutions, all supported by a flourishing periodical and press sector. With the exception, perhaps, of the Royal Observatory, directed in this period by a Cumbrian and an Irishman, Scots had been central to all these developments. Moreover the college, library, museum, garden and observatory were more or less connected with wider international networks of learning, in which Scots could be found working in many other territories of the British Empire. Despite the continuation of forms of autocratic colonial government in the early part of the period, the 1820s were an extraordinary decade in the development of the intellectual, press, educational and scientific institutions of the colony, laying the foundations, sometimes firm, sometimes tentative, for the more significant developments of subsequent decades.

Keywords: Scots; Cape; international networks; British Empire; colonial government

Chapter.  14304 words. 

Subjects: Colonialism and Imperialism

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