Chapter

The external context of the Algerian transition

Francesco Cavatorta

in The International Dimension of the Failed Algerian Transition

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9780719076169
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701980 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719076169.003.0004
The external context of the Algerian transition

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This chapter describes the external environment with which Algeria had to contend before, during and after its problematic transition to democracy. In Algeria, the timing of the process of liberalisation coincided with a significant internationally-driven crisis of its rentier state model. After independence, following the policy advice of France's economists, Algeria chose a socialist model of development built around three fundamental priorities: the priority of accumulation of capital over consumption, the priority of industrialisation over agriculture, and the priority of developing capital equipment over consumer goods. The smooth running of the Algerian economy was, and still is, strictly linked to the revenues in foreign currency that the regime can earn through the export of oil and gas. There is a strong link between the internationally driven crisis and the tentative liberal economic reforms initiated in the mid-1980s. The programme of economic reforms and the stance of Western countries towards these reforms are also important elements to analyse in order to understand how the process of democratisation determined the strategies and choices of the different domestic actors.

Keywords: Algeria; transition to democracy; economic reforms; liberalisation; France; democratisation; domestic actors; external environment; industrialisation; oil

Chapter.  5893 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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