Governors and the governed, 1815–1914

Stephen Constantine

in Community and Identity

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780719076350
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781702048 | DOI:
Governors and the governed, 1815–1914

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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During the nineteenth century, Gibraltar's civilians, by aspiration and by necessity, became further integrated into a world economy that was increasingly dominated by powerful commercial, industrial and financial enterprises centred on the advanced economies of Western Europe and North America. Domestically, they absorbed the material values and aspirations of western capitalism and accepted, pretty much, the ethics of free economic enterprise. This chapter examines the extent to which two other common though not invariable features of this western (and westernising) world may also be discerned in Gibraltar: first, the increased authority and roles of government; and second, the election of those who exercised that authority and provided services and their accountability to those who elected them. It first focuses on the governors and then turns to law and government, charities and education, the origins of the Sanitary Commission of 1865, Gibraltar politics, and the Civil Hospital and its transformation into the Colonial Hospital in 1889.

Keywords: Gibraltar; governors; government; authority; election; law; charities; politics; Sanitary Commission; education

Chapter.  26976 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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