Chapter

The Protestant ethic revisited: the Pentecostal explosion as democratic hindrance or support?

John Anderson

in Christianity and Democratisation

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9780719077388
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781702000 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719077388.003.0008
The Protestant ethic revisited: the Pentecostal explosion as democratic hindrance or support?

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This chapter investigates some of the political implications of the global Pentecostal phenomenon. It then turns to the claim that the movement essentially acts as an apolitical, conservative force in societies where it is successful. The chapter also concentrates more on Pentecostal engagements with the public realm and the extent to which these can be said to be promoting or hindering democratic development. Several studies show the shift towards authoritarianism that affects many Pentecostal groups as charismatic leaders. Pentecostalism provides women with a sense of community and belonging. Its long-term impact might be the promotion of a liberal-capitalist and democratic ethos, and it is more likely to be found in the ranks of the forces favouring globalisation than those resisting its more questionable impacts. Pentecostalism might encourage the sort of work ethic that might promote liberal capitalism.

Keywords: global Pentecostal; Pentecostal engagements; authoritarianism; Pentecostalism; democratic ethos; work ethic; liberal capitalism

Chapter.  9537 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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