Chapter

The EU regains and loses the initiative: 2005–07

Tom Gallagher

in Romania and the European Union

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780719077432
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781702260 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719077432.003.0009
The EU regains and loses the initiative: 2005–07

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This chapter explores the culminating two years of accession talks with a new government and a new Commission in place, also examining the last-minute safeguards introduced by the European Union (EU) to try and inject fresh momentum into justice reform. The Commission prioritised reform of the justice system in ways it had conspicuously failed to do previously. The World Bank loaned Romania money to modernise its justice system. There was a dire need for modern court facilities, more ancillary staff and higher salary rates to attract better-qualified judges. The lack of coordination inside the government between ministers from the now rival National Liberal and Democratic parties meant there was a serious neglect of the administrative reforms and economic restructuring needed to ensure that Romania entered the EU minimally prepared for the enormous challenges which lay ahead. The multi-layered EU system appeared paralysed by Romania.

Keywords: justice reform; European Union; Commission; Romania; National Liberal Party; Democratic Party; justice system

Chapter.  11455 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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