The crises of the inter-war years

Helen Thompson

in Might, Right, Prosperity and Consent

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780719077500
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701607 | DOI:
The crises of the inter-war years

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This chapter addresses the inter-war years, considering the cases of Germany, France, Italy and Britain. It also describes the cases of Poland and Yugoslavia, where democracy collapsed during the 1920s under external pressure; Spain, where it failed under the conjunction of domestic and external pressures; Czechoslovakia, where it failed as a consequence of the rise of Nazi Germany; and Sweden, where it succeeded. The most spectacular casualty of the immediate post-war crisis was Italian democracy. The British and German governments laboured with some difficulty under their respective external constraints. The rise of the Nazis soon transformed the international politics of Europe. The Spanish, Czechoslovakian and French democracies all fell to one form or another of German intervention. The difficulties of creating and sustaining a belief in nationhood were most acute in the successor states in Eastern Europe and the Balkans.

Keywords: inter-war years; Nazis; Germany; France; Italy; Britain; Poland; Czechoslovakia; Yugoslavia; Sweden

Chapter.  14103 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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