Chapter

Populism, globalisation and the socioeconomic policies of the Chávez government  

Barry Cannon

in Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian Revolution

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780719077715
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701959 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719077715.003.0005
Populism, globalisation and the socioeconomic policies of the Chávez government  

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Previous democratic regimes in Venezuela, preceding the emergence of Hugo Chávez, failed in the long term to establish policies aimed at lessening social divisions thus losing popular legitimacy. Chávez exploited this lack of legitimacy and presented an alternative model seeking to democratise the political space, furthering participation of the popular classes and thus gaining the legitimacy denied the previous puntofijista regime. Central to this strategy was the use of discourse dividing the social space along antagonistic lines—el pueblo versus the oligarchy and partidocracia. This chapter examines the socioeconomic policies of the Chávez government, using a structure drawn from Susan Strange's book States and Markets based on four areas of political economy—finance, production, security and knowledge. Strange's framework of analysis for international political economy is based on four basic values: wealth, security, freedom and justice. This chapter also discusses Chávez's populism and how his government is seeking to alter the position of Venezuela within the wider international framework of globalisation.

Keywords: Venezuela; Hugo Chávez; legitimacy; populism; globalisation; Susan Strange; socioeconomic policies; finance; wealth; security

Chapter.  14937 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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