Venezuelan international relations in the age of globalisation 

Barry Cannon

in Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian Revolution

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780719077715
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701959 | DOI:
Venezuelan international relations in the age of globalisation 

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Populism is essential for explaining chavismo, but much of the literature on populism fails to take sufficient note of the wider context of globalisation, viewing it primarily from narrower institutionalist perspectives. The previous chapter discussed populism in the context of democratisation processes, and how democracy's spread throughout Latin America remains incomplete. This chapter looks at globalisation from the perspective of its impact on development theory. It examines Anthony Payne's ideas on ‘the global politics of unequal development’, which neatly brings together the concepts of globalisation and development into one overarching theory. It then considers Venezuela's foreign policy and international relations (with China, India, Russia, Colombia and the United States) in the light of these discussions, arguing that it has sought to expand on and safeguard its emerging model by putting greater emphasis on a much more Latin Americanist and internationalist perspective, rather than the traditional pro-United States and anti-communist policies of previous governments.

Keywords: populism; Latin America; Venezuela; Hugo Chávez; globalisation; Anthony Payne; global politics; unequal development; foreign policy; international relations

Chapter.  13214 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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