Chapter

From Resistance to Historic Compromise: the politics of the PCI

Phil Edwards

in More Work! Less Pay!'

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780719078736
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781702192 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719078736.003.0003
From Resistance to Historic Compromise: the politics of the PCI

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This chapter traces the ideological development of the Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) from the Fascist period to the party's assumption of a gatekeeper role in Italian politics in the 1970s. It explains that the PCI was founded in 1921 and suggests that the party's early identity was thus formed in clandestinity and in exile. This chapter chronicles the development of the Palmiro Togliatti's Italian road to socialism, the repeated confrontations between left and right within the party, and with Enrico Berlinguer's historic compromise programme. It describes how Berlinguer's leadership enabled the party to engage constructively with the first cycle of contention, but made a hostile engagement with the second cycle inevitable.

Keywords: PCI; ideological development; Italian politics; Palmiro Togliatti; socialism; Enrico Berlinguer; historic compromise

Chapter.  13417 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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