Chapter

Pan-Germanism from empire to republic

Julie Thorpe

in Pan-Germanism and the Austrofascist State, 1933-38

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780719079672
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781703199 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719079672.003.0002
Pan-Germanism from empire to republic

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Research evidence proves that the most elementary definition of pan-Germanism, a belief or ‘desire’ for German unity and a common mission, is best suited for assessing the breadth of pan-Germanism in Austria both before and after the monarchy's collapse in 1918. This chapter, through an appraisal of the dynamic nature of pan-Germanism from 1848–1938, seeks to directly connect Austrofascism to the preservation and propagation of a pan-German identity in Austria. The nascent construction of an Austrian pan-German identity was informed by the ethnic and civic notions of the idea, and nourished substantially by the two emerging mass political movements in the Empire: the Christian Socials and Social Democrats. The final triumph of the pan-German project was marked by the heralding of the Austrofascist state in 1933. The success of the project reflected the consolidated incarnation of various interpretations and strands of the underlying ideology that is pan-Germanism.

Keywords: Pan-Germanism; common mission; Austrofascism; civic notions; social democrats; mass political movement

Chapter.  12196 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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