Chapter

Reich Germans, <i>Auslandsdeutsche</i> and minorities

Julie Thorpe

in Pan-Germanism and the Austrofascist State, 1933-38

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780719079672
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781703199 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719079672.003.0005
Reich Germans, Auslandsdeutsche and minorities

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This chapter maps the dynamics that characterized the pan-Germanism project's efforts at garnering support and simulating nationalistic assimilative desires among German minorities abroad. Absolute establishment of Germanic culture in the fatherland being the aim, the project also envisaged force purging or metamorphosis of non-German identities into the German culture. While some German-national elements displayed great skepticism vis-à-vis the extremes of the nascent National Socialism, all nationalists agreed that a genuine national movement, including National Socialism, would be instrumental in heralding German political unity. The intersections between state propaganda and policy on the one hand, and nationalist activism in the coordinated public sphere of the state on the other, show how Austrofascists and German nationalists each sought to define the particular and universal expressions of Austrian pan-German identity – Austria as a German state and Austria within the German nation – in the years before Anschluss.

Keywords: non-German identity; national socialism; political unity; state propaganda; Anschluss; universal expression

Chapter.  20314 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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