Chapter

Citizens, immigrants and refugees

Julie Thorpe

in Pan-Germanism and the Austrofascist State, 1933-38

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780719079672
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781703199 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719079672.003.0007
Citizens, immigrants and refugees

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Debates on citizenship, immigration and refugees in the Austrofascist state highlighted the boundaries of pan-German identity better than any other inter-war identity discourse. While disagreeing on the identity of true refugees, both German nationalists and the Austrofascists were in agreement on the moot motive of arresting the influx of Jewish immigrants and reducing the number of Jews already living in Austria to the status of a legal minority with few political and social rights. This chapter appraises the responses elicited from the German-nationalist press and the government organs to the different groups of refugees and immigrants, terms that were ideologically construed to bolster the case for asylum. Both parties increasingly endorsed the state prerogative to decide who got to stay within Austria, and the state's attempts to introduce a new Alien Act and population index after 1935. The Alien Act corresponded with a broader pattern of fascist population policy across Europe in the inter-war era.

Keywords: citizenship; immigration; Alien Act; foreign Jew; asylum; German-national press

Chapter.  17347 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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