New byt, new woman, new forms of housing

Lynne Attwood

in Gender and Housing in Soviet Russia

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780719081453
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701768 | DOI:
New byt, new woman, new forms of housing

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This chapter reviews the housing situation in Russian cities before the October Revolution. It also investigates the revolutionary government's attempts to develop a distinctly socialist housing policy in the chaotic conditions of the Civil War and War Communism, concentrating on their views on new byt and gender relations. Education and the encouragement of a more cultured outlook would play a significant role in the creation of new byt. Women were the principal targets of propaganda on new byt. It is suggested that this new byt was an awkward combination of a utopian vision of the new society and a set of rather mundane domestic goals. Appropriate housing was seen as a key element in the creation of gender equality. Women would hardly have the time to take part in the building of a new way of life because they struggled under the phenomenal workload.

Keywords: new byt; gender relations; Russian cities; October Revolution; Civil War; War Communism; women; housing policy

Chapter.  7981 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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