Chapter

<i>The retreat from new</i> byt

Lynne Attwood

in Gender and Housing in Soviet Russia

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780719081453
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781701768 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719081453.003.0007
The retreat from new byt

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This chapter examines the retreat from ‘new byt’, charting the ideological transition from the promotion of communal living to the revival of the individual family and, in theory, the individual family home. The commitment to communal living and communal housing came to an end, and the individual family apartment was now proclaimed the ideal form of housing. Rabotnitsa was less willing than Ogonek both to abandon the principle of communal living and to go along with the fantasy that ordinary families could really acquire single-family apartments. Rabotnitsa also provided a number of examples of successful ‘socialist initiatives’. Anti-egalitarianism justified huge differentials in housing provision. Many of the short stories in Rabotnitsa and Ogonek present family life as subordinate to the demands of industry and making it clear that good citizens should be willing to neglect or even discard it if it interfered with work.

Keywords: new byt; communal living; family home; communal housing; Rabotnitsa; Ogonek; anti-egalitarianism; housing provision

Chapter.  7293 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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