Chapter

The Northern crisis and the split

Matt Treacy

in The IRA 1956-69

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780719084720
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781700068 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719084720.003.0007
The Northern crisis and the split

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The start of 1969 brought an escalation in tensions in Northern Ireland and there were indications that some of Cathal Goulding's supporters were annoyed at what they regarded as the provocative strategy being pursued by Peoples Democracy (PD) and other radical elements in the civil rights movement outside of the control of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. Older Irish republicans, and indeed Communists, were suspicious of the ‘new left’ and its connotations of ‘petit-bourgeois’ liberalism in relation to sex and drugs. While opposition to ‘ultra-leftism’ was part of the lexicon of the modernisers' allies in the Communist parties, many local republican activists were happy to participate in protests and marches, and members of the Irish Republican Army attempted to protect the student marchers along the route of the January march. This chapter examines the factors that had driven the republican movement between 1962 and 1969, which preoccupied both the British and Irish states, and which led to further radical shifts in republican politics and ideology over the next twenty-five years.

Keywords: Northern Ireland; Cathal Goulding; Peoples Democracy; republican movement; politics; ideology; Irish Republican Army; protests; Communists; civil rights movement

Chapter.  17793 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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