Book

Jews and Other Foreigners

Bill Williams

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780719085499
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781703311 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719085499.001.0001
Jews and Other Foreigners

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Between 1933 and 1940, Manchester received between seven and eight thousand refugees from Fascist Europe. They included Jewish academics expelled from universities in Germany, Austria, Spain and Italy. Around two hundred were children from the Basque country of Spain evacuated to Britain on a temporary basis in 1937 as the fighting of the Spanish Civil War neared their home towns. Most were refugees fleeing Nazi persecution in Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia. As much as 95% of the refugees from Nazism were Jews threatened by the increasingly violent anti-Semitism of the Nazi regime. The rest were Communists, Social Democrats, Pacifists, Liberals, Confessional Christians and Sudeten Germans. There have been several valuable studies of the response of the British government to the refugee crisis. This study seeks to assess the responses in one city—Manchester—which had long cultivated an image of itself as a ‘liberal city’. Using documentary and oral sources, including interviews with Manchester refugees, it explores the work of those sectors of local society that took part in the work of rescue: Jewish communal organisations, the Society of Friends, the Rotarians, the University of Manchester, secondary schools in and around Manchester, pacifist bodies, the Roman Catholic Church and industrialists from the Manchester region. The book considers the reasons for their choices to help to assesses their degree of success and the forces which limited their effectiveness.

Keywords: Manchester; refugees; Fascist Europe; Jewish academics; Basque country; Spanish Civil War; Nazi persecution; anti-Semitism; liberal city; industrialists

Book.  496 pages. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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