‘Refugees and Eccles Cakes’: refugee industrialists in the Manchester region

Bill Williams

in Jews and Other Foreigners

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780719085499
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781703311 | DOI:
‘Refugees and Eccles Cakes’: refugee industrialists in the Manchester region

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In September 1967, Dr Heinz Kroch, the German-Jewish refugee from Berlin who thirty years earlier had founded the Lankro Chemical Company in Eccles, was presented by the Mayor of Eccles with a casket and scroll to honour his admission to the Roll of Freemen of the Borough. The whole episode may perhaps be seen as a continuance of those ritual exchanges, engineered on both sides, which, from the mid-nineteenth century, sought to define the relationship between Manchester Jewry and the civic authorities of the locality. In 1967 Eccles, a time and a place troubled by newer waves of immigration, the corporation and the refugee were effectively laying claim to a heritage of reciprocity. For its humanity, the town had been rewarded by the contributions of the stranger; by his contributions, the stranger had confirmed his right to be British; a Jewish German had become an Eccles cake.

Keywords: Heinz Kroch; Eccles; ritual exchanges; Manchester Jewry; Jewish German; immigration; Lankro Chemical Company

Chapter.  11355 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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