Chapter

‘The work of succouring refugees is going forward’: the Manchester Jewish Refugees Committee, 1939–1940

Bill Williams

in Jews and Other Foreigners

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780719085499
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781703311 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719085499.003.0007
‘The work of succouring refugees is going forward’: the Manchester Jewish Refugees Committee, 1939–1940

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The decisive factor which drew provincial communities into the more systematic rescue of refugees was the escalating number of those seeking entry to Britain following the Anschluss (March 1938), the German occupation of the Sudetenland (October 1938), the Kristallnacht pogrom (9 November 1938), the British government's decision to facilitate the entry of unaccompanied children on the Kindertransport (21 November 1938) and the German annexation of Bohemia and Moravia (March 1939). As the sources of emigration multiplied and the Jews of Germany became finally convinced of the permanence of the Nazi regime and the centrality of its anti-Semitic intentions, Britain received around 70,000 refugees, of whom a little over one-tenth reached Manchester. As the number of refugees swelled, the London agencies of support, Quaker and Jewish, in danger of being overwhelmed by the case work and financial commitment involved, applied increasing pressure on provincial centres to share the load.

Keywords: provincial communities; refugee rescue; emigration; Germany; Jews; Anschluss; Kristallnacht; Kindertransport

Chapter.  14071 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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