Chapter

Building a combatants' republic: The campaign for state reform, 1934

Chris Millington

in From Victory to Vichy

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780719085505
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781781702680 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719085505.003.0004
Building a combatants' republic: The campaign for state reform, 1934

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This chapter examines the veterans' campaign for state reform during February to July 1934. In April 1934, the veterans' associations delivered an ultimatum to the right-wing government: reform the state or the veterans would take the 'rudder of government'. This campaign underscored the changing priorities of the associations. The UNC ultimately expressed confidence in the conservative government of Gaston Doumergue, which it found more to its taste. However, the centre-left UF, which had always opposed reform, opposed the government and now moved closer an authoritarian state reform programme. This chapter shows that it was not only sections of the UNC that could oscillate between moderation and authoritarianism depending on political circumstance, but also more moderate sections of the veterans' movement such as the UF.

Keywords: France; Veterans; Fascism; Reformism; Third Republic

Chapter.  10764 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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