Chapter

The Role of Foreign Technology in China’s Wind Power Industry Development

Joanna I. Lewis

in Green Innovation in China

Published by Columbia University Press

Published in print January 2015 | ISBN: 9780231153317
Published online November 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780231526876 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7312/columbia/9780231153317.003.0004
The Role of Foreign Technology in China’s Wind Power Industry Development

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This chapter examines companies that came to China from Denmark, Germany, and the United States—the three early leaders in wind power technology development. It looks into how Chinese companies assimilated foreign technology through research partnerships. Major players in China's wind power industry are typically grouped into three categories: Chinese firms, foreign firms, and Chinese-foreign joint ventures. Relationships with foreign businesses improved further due to the 1997 Ride the Wind Program, in which the Chinese government attempted to kick-start the domestic wind turbine industry with a series of Sino-foreign joint ventures. The program however faced difficulties as it required technology transfers from the foreign companies to Chinese partner companies which resulted in majority Chinese ownership of intellectual property and decision making. Due to this, tensions emerged due to required technology transfers as some companies were reluctant to share information and technology.

Keywords: China; wind power technology development; Denmark; Germany; United States; Chinese wind power industry; Ride the Wind Program; technology transfers

Chapter.  16182 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environment

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