Fukuzawa Yukichi and Nishikawa Shunsaku

in An Encouragement of Learning

Published by Columbia University Press

Published in print December 2013 | ISBN: 9780231167147
Published online November 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780231536615 | DOI:

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This chapter presents the English translation of Section 14 of Fukuzawa Yukichi’s text Gakumon no susume (An Encouragement of Learning). Here he discusses how people do more evil and foolish things than they think in their hearts, and do not achieve so much success as they had planned. But no matter how wicked people are, there is no one who devotes his whole life to doing only evil deeds. Fukuzawa also explains the two meanings of the term sewa: “protection” and “direct.” The former means to stand by the side and watch over a person, or give him money or things, or spend time with him so that he will not lose profits or honor. The latter is something done for the good of a person. It means to give instructions concerning what is good and to protest against what is bad for another. It means to give advice to someone to the best of one’s ability.

Keywords: evil deeds; sewa; protection; direct

Chapter.  2819 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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