Chapter

Paul

Abed Azzam

in Nietzsche Versus Paul

Published by Columbia University Press

Published in print March 2015 | ISBN: 9780231169318
Published online November 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780231538978 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7312/columbia/9780231169318.003.0004
Paul

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This chapter explores how Nietzsche’s reading of Socrates is guided by his reading of Paul, with both Socrates and Paul disappointed with an ideal. Nietzsche’s questioning of morality seems to stem from his disappointment with the modern ideal of the Hegelian synthesis. The chapter emphasizes Nietzsche’s self-reflection in the same terms with which he reflects on Paul. Nietzsche’s contemplation on the Nietzsche–Paul relationship includes four points. Firstly, he explains one of his writings entitled “Why I am a Destiny,” yet warning against being interpreted as “holy” (like Paul). Secondly, Nietzsche wrote about Paul’s revelation that “this second of his sudden enlightenment, he possesses the idea of ideas.” Third, Nietzsche writes that he found history revolving around Paul. Finally, he argues that if Paul is the teacher of the destruction of the law, Zarathustra—from his book Thus Spoke Zarathustra—is the teacher of the eternal recurrence.

Keywords: Paul; Nietzsche; Socrates; morality; Hegelian synthesis; Nietzsche–Paul relationship; Thus Spoke Zarathustra

Chapter.  7810 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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