Chapter

Combinatory Categorial Grammar

Mark Steedman

in Taking Scope

Published by The MIT Press

Published in print November 2011 | ISBN: 9780262017077
Published online August 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780262301404 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.003.0006
Combinatory Categorial Grammar

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This chapter focuses on the Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG), a strongly lexicalized theory of grammar in which grammatical categories consist of a syntactic type defining valency, along with a logical form and a phonological form. It also discusses the Categorial Lexicon, the sole repository of language-specific information whose sounds and meanings are projected by a small universal set of type-driven combinatory syntactic rules onto the sounds and meanings of all and only the sentences of the language. CCG includes a number of restricted combinatory operations for combining categories that are strictly limited to various combinations of operations of type raising, composition, and substitution. Both reflexive/reciprocal binding and control are bounded under Condition A of the binding theory—that is, they relate elements within a single verbal domain. The chapter also examines relativization and relative pronouns, embedded subject extraction, pied-piping of wh-items such as which and who(m) in noun phrases, coordination of conjunctions, and the expressive power and computational complexity of CCG. Finally, it compares CCG with Categorial Type Logic and Lambek grammars.

Keywords: grammar; Combinatory Categorial Grammar; Categorial Lexicon; relativization; relative pronouns; embedded subject extraction; pied-piping; coordination; type raising; Categorial Type Logic

Chapter.  9861 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Semantics

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