Chapter

Horn Clauses: Preliminaries

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising

Published by The MIT Press

Published in print June 2014 | ISBN: 9780262027311
Published online September 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780262323840 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0013
Horn Clauses: Preliminaries

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This chapter focuses on certain contexts, dubbed Horn clauses, that demand the syntactic presence of a negative constituent. It first considers fronted negative polarity items (NPIs) by giving examples that represent standard cases of the Negative Inversion construction. The most obvious characteristic of the construction is that the extracted non-wh-constituent in the clause-initial position, termed Negative Inversion focus, co-occurs with subject-auxiliary inversion, which is obligatory. Sentences containing Horn clauses, such as Carl did (not) claim that penguins were mammals and neither did I and Carl claimed that penguins were not mammals (and neither did I), involve syntactic raising of a negation (NEG) from the embedded clause. The chapter proposes for Horn clause cases an analysis that treats examples as resulting from the raising via Classical NR of the NEG. It also shows that Classical NEG Raising (NR) out of Horn clauses is subject to the same set of island constraints holding for non-Horn clause island structures.

Keywords: negative polarity items; Horn clauses; Negative Inversion; Negative Inversion focus; subject-auxiliary inversion; syntactic raising; negation; Classical NEG Raising; island constraints

Chapter.  2311 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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